(1) Walk Thru The Word:   Romans 10: 10–13 (ESV)

Both Jews & Greeks Must Believe & Call from their hearts To be justified and saved!

10For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved. 11For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing his riches on all who call on him. 13For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

(2) Walk Thru The Word:   Romans 10: 1417 (ESV)

Everyone Who Believes Has Heard the Beautiful Preaching of the Gospel!

14How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? And how are they to hear without someone preaching? 15And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!” 16But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed what he has heard from us?” 17So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.

(3) Walk Thru The Word: Romans 10: 18–21 (ESV)

Though they’ve Heard not all obey

 18But I ask, have they not heard? Indeed, they have, for

“Their voice has gone out to all the earth,

and their words to the ends of the world.”

19But I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says,

“I will make you jealous of those who are not a nation;

with a foolish nation I will make you angry.”

20Then Isaiah is so bold as to say,

“I have been found by those who did not seek me;

I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.”

21But of Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people.”

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 (4) Message map Rom. 10:10-21

The Book of Romans: Session 17

Faith Requires Hearing From Faithful Proclaimers of The Gospel”

& Confession Is the Bold Outpouring of Belief”

  1. Rom 10:10-11 Belief Justifies & Spills Over Into Bold Confession That Provides Evidence of Our Salvation
  2. Rom 10:12-13 All — Both the Jew and Greek Must Exercise Faith To Call On God To Be Saved.
  3. Rom 10: 14-17 — Belief Is Based On Hearing & Hearing Requires The Boldness of Preaching
  4. Rom 10: 18–21 The Church Is In The World But Not Of The World To Deliver Gods Message to Develop Disciples

(5) Overview of Romans

Romans can be thought of as 3 Divisions of Biblical Subject Matter

Column 1 is the Subject Matter of Doctrine, Dispensation and Duty

  • Rom 1-8 = DOCTRINE of Salvation by Faith
  • Rom 9-11 = DISPENSATION of Israel & It’s Future Hope but not of the Church
  • Romans 9 = God’s Past Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = The DUTY of Christians

Column 2 is the Subject Matter of Salvation, Segregation and Service

  • Rom 1-8 = Salvation by Faith Available to All
  • Rom 9-11 = Segregation of Israel (not of the Church)
  • Romans 10 = God’s Present Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = The Service of God’s Peoples

Column 3 is the Subject Matter of Salvation, Segregation and Service

  • Rom 1-8 = FAITH in God’s Provision of Christ
  • Rom 9-11 = HOPE in God’s Promises for those who Receive Christ
  • Romans 11 = God’s Future Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = LOVE of God’s People & Church

The dispensation of ISRAEL (not the church) is dealt with in Rom 9-11.

  • Romans 9 = God’s Past Dealings with Israel
  • Romans 10 = God’s Present Dealings with Israel
  • Romans 11 = God’s Future Dealings with Israel

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(6) Rom 10: 10-11 — Belief Justifies & Confession Provides Confirmation of Salvation

Romans 10:10 10For with the heart (the effective center of one’s being that guides intention and will, and drives our “desires and decisions” to establish who we really are) one believes (has faith to trust and place confidence in what God reveals) and is justified, (God’s cleaning of the slate to affect our condition to = Just-as-if-I-never-sinned) and with the mouth one confesses (acknowledges, admits assures, declares, gives thanks) and is saved (obtains welfare, prosperity, deliverance, preservation, salvation, safety)

11For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame (disgraced, or put into utter confusion, frustrated).

Rom 10: 12-13 All — Both the Jew and Greek Must Call On God To Be Saved. 

Romans 10:12-13 12For there is no distinction (distinction, difference, separation, variation) between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all, bestowing (gives richly) his riches (affluent in resources so that he can give/supply the blessings of salvation unto all,) on all (“each, every” means “all” in the sense of “each (every) part that applies.” The emphasis of the total picture then is on “one piece at a time.” 365 (ananeóō) then focuses on the part(s) making up the whole – viewing the whole in terms of the individual parts.) who call (by a supplementary, to invoke; middle, to call upon for oneself, appeal to, address) on him. 13For “everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”

(8) Rom 10: 1415 The Gospel Must Be Heard To Be Believed 

Romans 10:14-15  14How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? And how are they to believe in him of whom they have never heard? (comprehend by hearing what is reported) And how are they to hear without someone preaching? (to herald, proclaim a message publicly with conviction with the goal of being used by the Holy Spirit Who persuades others) 15And how are they to preach unless they are sent? (commissioned as a messenger) As it is written, “How beautiful (beautiful in timing, hence fruitful because its fully developed and in season) are the feet (that member of the body which is the chief organ or instrument necessary for any action) of those who preach the good news!” (the sharing of the Gospel expressed as a the person of Jesus Christ!)

Preaching = word of God, bringing eternal accountability to all who hear it.

[2784 (kērýssō) is “preaching by a herald sent from God” (BAGD, “declaration,” TDNT, 3:703). To “gospelize” (2097 /euaggelízō) = stresses the victory of God’s Gospel-message in the totality of His “good news.”]

(9) Rom 10: 14-15 & 17 The Gospel Must Be Heard To Be Believed 

God works through the sense of Hearing because Rom 10:17 says “Faith comes by Hearing

Satan works through the sense of seeing (Gen 3:6)

Gen 3:6 — 6When the woman saw that the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eyes, and that it was desirable for obtaining wisdom, she took the fruit and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

We walk by faith, not by sight (2 Corinthians 5:7)

We walk by faith and not 2 Corinthians 5:7 “for we walk by faith, not by sight.

Hebrews 11:1 — Now faith is the assurance of what we hope for and the certainty of what we do not see.  (2 Corinthians 4:18)

2 Corinthians 4:18 — So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.

(10) The Bible SaysOptional — Universal Principle — Meant Only for Some Matt 28: 18-20 (The Great Commission) Universal Principle

Rom. 10:17 Faith Requires Hearing Universal Principle

Rom 10: 13 All Who Call Are Saved — Universal Principle

Rom 10:10 Believe & Confess — Universal Principle

(11) Rom. 10:20 Rom. 10: 20

Isaiah Boldly Foretold How God Would Reveal Himself

To Gentiles & Make Salvation Available To All 

Rom 10: 20 20Then Isaiah is so bold (confidently and courageously ventures forward by putting fear behind and embracing the fruit that lies ahead for taking a necessary risk.) as to say,

“I have been found by those who did not seek me;

I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.”

This quotes: Isaiah 65:1 “I revealed Myself to those who did not ask for Me; I was found by those who did not seek Me. I said: “Here I am! Here I am!” to a nation that did not call My name.”

JFB Commentators say “Isaiah was ‘very bold’ in advancing so unpopular a sentiment that Gentiles would be grafted into God’s Kingdom (Rom 11:17-24)

English Standard Version

I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; I was ready to be found by those who did not seek me. I said, “Here I am, here I am,” to a nation that was not called by my name.

New American Standard Bible KJV Isaiah 65:1 = I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that sought me not: I said, behold me, behold me, unto a nation that was not called by my name.

“I permitted Myself to be sought by those who did not ask for Me; I permitted Myself to be found by those who did not seek Me. I said, ‘Here am I, here am I,’ To a nation which did not call on My name.

New Living Translation

The LORD says, “I was ready to respond, but no one asked for help. I was ready to be found, but no one was looking for me. I said, ‘Here I am, here I am!’ to a nation that did not call on my name.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

(Ro 10:20) that Isaiah was “very bold” in advancing so unpopular a sentiment; he implies what Paul states (Ro 2:28; 9:6, 7; 11:1-31), that “they are not all (in opposition to the Jews’ plea, Isa 64:9) Israel which are of Israel.” God’s reason for so severely dealing with Israel is not changeableness in Him, but sin in them (Isa 65:2-7). Yet the whole nation shall not be destroyed, but only the wicked; a remnant shall be saved (Isa 65:8-10, 11-16). There shall be, finally, universal blessedness to Israel, such as they had prayed for (Isa 65:17-25).   

  1. I am sought—Hebrew, “I have granted access unto Me to them,” &c. (so Eze 14:3, “Should I be inquired of”; Eph 2:18).

found—Ro 10:20 renders this, “I was made manifest.” As an instance of the sentiment in the clause, “I am sought,” &c., see Joh 12:21; of the sentiment in this clause, Ac 9:5. Compare as to the Gentile converts, Eph 2:12, 13.

(12) Confession Is the Bold Outpouring / Outworking of Belief Rom 10: 20

Webster’s 1828 Dictionary says “To be bold means one …

  1. is as bold as a lion or is lion-hearted.
  2. executes with spirit & to plan with COURAGE; as in engaging in “a bold enterprise.”
  3. is confident; not timid. Paul says in 1 Thess 2:2. “We were bold in our God to speak to you.
  • 1 These. 2:2-6 1For you yourselves know, brothers, that our coming to you was not in vain. 2But though we had already suffered and been shamefully treated at Philippi, as you know, we had boldness in our God to declare to you the gospel of God in the midst of much conflict. 3For our appeal does not spring from error or impurity or any attempt to deceive, 4but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel, so we speak, not to please man, but to please God who tests our hearts. 5For we never came with words of flattery, as you know, nor with a pretext for greed—God is witness. 6Nor did we seek glory from people, whether from you or from others,

(13) The Church Is To Cooperate with God to Develop The Disobedient into Disciples

Rom 10:21But of Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary/obstinate people.” 

The contrary/obstinate ones are those who dispute God in a hostile (argumentative) way.

  • God’s call is continuous / continuously repeated
  • God does not call just once, and then gives up
  • God’s call is not subject to discouragement

There are two types of whosever’s:

  1. the whosoever will’s … and …
  2. the whosoever wont’s who strain against their consciences to disobey, rebel, and be disloyal to the promptings of the Holy Spirit which brings to the forefront of our minds the law which God’s has written on everyone’s hearts conscience, and refuse conformity to God’s Will.
  3. xx

(14) The Church is in but not of the world.

The Church operates in Contrast to the world; Not in conformity with the world

Rom 10: 21 But of Israel he says, “All day long I have held out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people.”  This verse indicates … 

  • the world operates in contrast to God’s church that positively responds to God. T/F
  • the church operates in conformity to God’s will T/F
  • the church is in (operating within the instrumentality of) the world (John 17:11).
  • the church is not of the world (meaning it does not operate out of the depths of the world’s sources of principles)

So we should not conform to the world in the name of relevance.   (John 17:16).  Christ positions His Church to be a contrast to the world.

(15) As we areso the church Is

Once we are “born again” (John 3:3 – x, we are no longer of the world’s “origin” but are “exited out of” the power that motivates the world and drives its operation.”  

Circle the answers that apply to complete this sentence: “As the church we should …

  1. carry forward God’s transcendent message, understanding that transcendent means it is good for all people in all places at all times.
  2. deliver & minister God’s Word without modification, nor compromise to fit a particular audience or zip code.
  3. translate & interpret God’s word, but doing so without compromise!
  4. be the personified expression of the prayer, “Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven (Matt 6:10 & Luke 11:2).
  5. on Sun’s & for mid-week small groups, gather to minister to each other.
  6. on Mon’s-Sat’s scatter to evangelize to make more & better disciples.
  • Once we are “born again … of The Spirit” (John 3:3-8), we are no longer of the world’s “origin” but are “exited out of” the power that motivates the world and drives its operation.”

LET’S PRAY

God remove the veil of ignorance and the blinders that so many have, whom are subscribing to a religious system of rituals and works that lead us away from pure faith, that trusts You and You alone to accomplish Your work of salvation in us, through the amazing atoning Work of Christ on the Cross.  

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