(1) Walk Thru The Word for Today: Gen. 38: 1- 5 (ESV)
(Judah Marries A Canaanite & Has 3 Boys)
1It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and turned aside to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. 2There Judah saw the daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua. He took her and went in to her, 3and she conceived and bore a son, and he called his name Er. 4She conceived again and bore a son, and she called his name Onan. 5Yet again she bore a son, and she called his name Shelah. Judah was in Chezib when she bore him.
(2) Walk Thru The Word for Today: Gen 38: 6-11 (ESV)
(Judah’s Son, Er Marries Tamar & Dies, As Does Onan)
6And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. 7But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD, and the LORD put him to death. 8Then Judah said to Onan, “Go in to your brother’s wife and perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother.” 9But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his. So whenever he went in to his brother’s wife he would waste the semen on the ground, so as not to give offspring to his brother. 10And what he did was wicked in the sight of the LORD, and he put him to death also. 11Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, “Remain a widow in your father’s house, till Shelah my son grows up”—for he feared that he would die, like his brothers. So Tamar went and remained in her father’s house.
(3) Walk Thru The Word for Today: Gen. 38: 12-19 (ESV)
(Judah’s Wife Dies & Tamar Tricks Him)
12In the course of time the wife of Judah, Shua’s daughter, died. When Judah was comforted, he went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13And when Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,” 14she took off her widow’s garments and covered herself with a veil, wrapping herself up, and sat at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah. For she saw that Shelah was grown up, and she had not been given to him in marriage. 15When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face. 16He turned to her at the roadside and said, “Come, let me come in to you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. She said, “What you will give me, that you may come in to me?” 17He answered, “I will send you a young goat from the flock.” And she said, “If you give me a pledge, until you send it—” 18He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” She replied, “Your signet and your cord and your staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him. 19Then she arose and went away, and taking off her veil she put on the garments of her widowhood.
(4) Walk Thru The Word for Today: Gen. 38: 20-26 (ESV)
(Judah Repents Acknowledging She is More Righteous)
20When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite to take back the pledge from the woman’s hand, he did not find her. 21And he asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute who was at Enaim at the roadside?” And they said, “No cult prostitute has been here.” 22So he returned to Judah and said, “I have not found her. Also, the men of the place said, ‘No cult prostitute has been here.’” 23And Judah replied, “Let her keep the things as her own, or we shall be laughed at. You see, I sent this young goat, and you did not find her.”
24About three months later Judah was told, “Tamar your daughter-in-law has been immoral. Moreover, she is pregnant by immorality.” And Judah said, “Bring her out, and let her be burned.” 25As she was being brought out, she sent word to her father-in-law, “By the man to whom these belong, I am pregnant.” And she said, “Please identify whose these are, the signet and the cord and the staff.” 26Then Judah identified them and said, “She is more righteous than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her again.
(5) Walk Thru The Word for Today: Gen. 38 27-30 (ESV)
(Tamar’s Twins Carry On The Line of Judah)
27When the time of her labor came, there were twins in her womb. 28And when she was in labor, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29But as he drew back his hand, behold, his brother came out. And she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” Therefore his name was called Perez. 30Afterward his brother came out with the scarlet thread on his hand, and his name was called Zerah.
(6) Message map:
Genesis 33: 1–20
“Judah Jumps Ship But god secures a Son”
(Part 2 of The Series: “Bouncing Back from Betrayal)
- Judah went down from his brothers It happened at that time that – The time Joseph’s betrayal
- Judah fails to see god’s hand in his sons’ deaths & THINKS TAMAR IS RESPONSIBLE
- Judah Fails to Keep the levirate Marriage custom Pledge for Tamar.
- Discouragement & DUMB DECISIONS do not derail God’s Plan for Judah Heb 7:14 For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah
- we are one prayer of Repentance and re-dedication away from restoration
(7) Gen 37: 1-3 — overview of the bible
- The Old Testament (OT) traces a family bloodline (that becomes a nation) to the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ
- God raises up the bloodline into a nation, as the organized society into which His word would be installed & safeguarded.
- The O.T. demonstrates how God works in the lives of His people, past & present, using the members of the bloodline as His primary examples.
- The New Testament (NT) shows God working through Christ and His disciples to provide us with the definitive principles that govern His relationship with us, which we see demonstrated in both the OT & the NT.
(8) Map Judah’s journey when he jumped ship & went down from his brothers (Gen 38: 1-3)
1It happened at that time – (of Joseph’s betrayal) Judah went down (departed, dismounted and stepped away) from his BROTHERS and turned aside (indicates that one is dismissing something from consideration, or that one is shifting from one topic or tone of discussion to another). In this case, Judah is turning aside from his family and shifting his loyalty to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. So Judah is befriended by Hirah and greatly is influenced by him, and decides to become all things Canaanite.
God had rescued Israel from making an alliance to “dwell and trade and intermarry with the Hives of Hamor and Shechem in Gen 34, but now we see Judah jumping ship to dwell with the Canaanites.
2There Judah saw the daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua. He took her and went in to her. Note in verse 12 this woman is his wife.
3Judah has 3 sons: 1) Er. 42) Onan. 53) Shelah.
- Judaha was living in Chezib, which means “deceptive” or “failing,” possibly receiving its name from a winter spring or brook that dried up and failed in summer.
- Chezib is a metaphor for Judah’s disillusionment Judah is failing his calling to be the part of Israel from whom The Messiah springs.
- Matthew 24:12 Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold. The betrayal of Joseph seems to have disillusioned Judah for now, and he seems to want to get away from his family traditions.
(9) Gen 38: 7-11 — the lord kills Judah’s sons, Er & Onan
- 7But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD, and the LORD put him to death.
- 8Then Judah told Onan to fulfill the Levarite, marriage custom (Deut 25: 5-10) and “Go in to your brother’s wife and perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother.”
- 9But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his. So whenever he went in to his brother’s wife he would not [perform] to give offspring to his brother. 10And what he did was wicked in the LORD’s sight of the LORD, and he put him to death
- Judah’s decision to bring God’s mission into the lives of sinners, jeopardizes those sinners.
- One consequence of our individual sin – “willful misconduct” is an early or premature death.
- 11Then Judah tells Tamar, his daughter-in-law, “Remain a widow in her father’s house, till Shelah my son grows up”—for he feared that he would die, like his brothers.
- So Tamar went and remained in her father’s house. But under God’s custom, she should go live in Judah’s
(10) Gen 38: 1-3 — the lord kills Judah’s sons, Er & Onan
Judah, made poor choice perhaps because he was discouraged by the sin within his family. (Our sin causes our trials)
- Judah’s friend, Hiram the Adullamite, encouraged him to “dwell and trade” with the Canaanites (which Gen 34 indicates is not to happen) so others support us what causes our trial. Also Judah and Tamar are suffering because of the poor decision of Er and Onan.
- Tamar and Judah suffered because circumstantially her husband & his sons died. (circumstances cause our trial)
- Tamar suffered because God took her husbands. (God causes our trials. )
- In Job 1-2, Satan gets permission to cause Job’s trial, and in this sense one can say
- Satan causes our trials. From whom did Er & Onan get the idea to do what is wicked in the eyes of the Lord?
- Since Satan operates within the permissive Will of God, God causes our trials, because He directs Satan’s attention to Job, although Satan may have been noticing Job anyway, as he knew the specifics of how God had blessed him.
(11) Levirite Marriage Custom: Deut 25:5-6
Gen. 38:8 Then Judah said to Onan, “Lie with your brother’s wife and fulfill your duty to her as a brother-in-law to produce offspring for your brother.” (This would be offspring from Judah)
Deuteronomy 25: 5-10 CJB — 5 “If brothers live together, and one of them dies childless, his widow is not to marry someone unrelated to him; her husband’s brother is to go to her and perform the duty of a brother-in-law by marrying her. 6 The first child she bears will succeed to the name of his dead brother, so that his name will not be eliminated from Isra’el. 7 If the man does not wish to marry his brother’s widow, then his brother’s widow is to go up to the gate, to the leaders, and say, ‘My brother-in-law refuses to raise up for his brother a name in Isra’el; he will not perform the duty of a husband’s brother for me.’ 8 The leaders of his town are to summon him and speak to him. If, on appearing before them, he continues to say, ‘I don’t want to marry her,’ 9 then his brother’s widow is to approach him in the presence of the leaders, pull his sandal off his foot, spit in his face and say, ‘This is what is done to the man who refuses to build up his brother’s family.’ 10 From that time on, his family is to be known in Isra’el as ‘the family of the man who had his sandal pulled off.’
(12) Deuteronomy 25:7-10 — Levirite Marriage Custom: — The Unsandalled One
Deuteronomy 25:7-10 7However, if a man does not want to marry his brother’s wife, she shall go to the elders at the town gate and say, “My husband’s brother refuses to carry on his brother’s name in Israel. He will not fulfil the duty of a brother-in-law to me.”
8Then the elders of his town shall summon him and talk to him. If he persists in saying, “I do not want to marry her,” 9his brother’s widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say “This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother’s family line.”
10That man’s line shall be known in Israel as The Family of the Unsandalled.
To be an Unsandalled one means one has refused to occupy by marriage the place of his deceased brother to build an inheritance for his surviving spouse.
Barnes says, it is Equivalent to “the house of the barefooted one.” So it was a lasting blotting out.
Gen. 38: 12-19 (ESV) Judah’s Wife Dies & Tamar Tricks Him
12In the course of time the wife of Judah, died. Tamar saw that Shelah (Judah’s 3rd son) was grown up, and she had not been given to him in marriage, she poses as a prostitute. 15Judah saw her, and he thought she was a prostitute, And she said, “If you give me a pledge, (receive back when the condition is fulfilled)” and obtains his “signet and your cord and your staff,” and she conceived by him.
(14) Gen 37: 1-3 Overview of God’s Plan for the messiah to come through Judah’s line We must be willing to give God control and trust His processes, and not take matters into our own hands and try to manipulate using our fallible, human reasoning. Click To Tweet
God’s plan for the Messiah to come from Judah is codified/written in Scripture in Gen. 49: 8-12, but it may have been known before then. Just as Judah is acting on the Levirate Marriage Tradition even before it is explained in Scripture.
What’s curious is …
- We know Onan’s sin is that he is not going to raise up a child which would come through Judah’s
- In the Genealogy of Jesus, Matt. 1: 1-3A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: 2) Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, 3) Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar (The 2nd child is a substitute for the 1st child. The first shall be last and the last shall be first.)
Perhaps both of Judah’s Canaanite sons, knew of the prophecy or God’s intention is to bring the Messiah through Judah, and had decided they were not going to raise up people who eventually would displace them in the land.
(15) Discouragement Doesn’t Have To Destroy Destiny
Though discouragement can cause us to doubt our destiny, it doesn’t have to derail us from all the things God wants us to do.
Though our sin and the sin of others can effect and discourage us, and cause us to doubt our destiny in Christ, in Communion we are reminded to stay focused on God, who has not abandoned us. We literally are one re-dedication prayer away from restoration.
In Gen 38:26, 26Judah identified them (confesses his sin, owns up to what he did) and said, “She is more righteous than I, since I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her again. This is Judah acknowledging, “I should have done it God’s way, and fulfilled what I know are God’s commands. ”
Matthew Henry notes:
- God’s choice is by His grace being extended to the ones He calls, and is NOT dependent upon the merit of the vessel He chooses to use.
- Jesus Christ’s worthiness is in and of himself, contained within his person, and is not derived from his human ancestry.
- Christ came into the world to save sinners, even the chief or worst of them, including murders like Moses and Paul, and Christ is not ashamed, upon our repentance (1 John 1:9), to be associated with them or us!
- We worship through trials with Faith that Romans 8:28 is true
- Romans 8:28 And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, and have been called according to his purpose. God works all things together to bring about what is good for us.
- Regardless of the cause of our trials, worshipping God should be our response to them.
- We can bounce back if we look to God to make the best (most godly) decisions possible in the middle of what appears to be less than favorable circumstances and less than ideal circumstances.
(16) (Yellow- Not in Notes) Gen 38: 24 — Jesus Is The Lion of Judah
- Judah Is a Man of fierce Action — A Picture of Christ, The Lion of Judah
- Judah boldly asserts that Tamar should be burned! Judah is a man of bold action, and is no one to be trifled with.
- .He hatches the plan to sell Joseph in Gen 37.
Judah blamed his son’s deaths on Tamar when, in fact, the Bible says, God took their lives.
- Hebrews 7:14 is the reason God acted so decisively and directly. 7:14 Since Christ the Messiah was to come through Judah, God is ensuring the people in the blood line do His will to have children.
- Er’s & Onan’s willful disobedience was wicked in God’s Lord! We know Onan’s behavior was intentionally to deny Judah a grandchild-son! This was wicked in the eyes of the Lord!
- We must be willing to give God control and trust His processes, as good process leads to good outcomes.
- We must trust and not manipulate and violate God’s processes to try to achieve outcomes using our fallible, human reasoning.
Are we willing to give God control of the process? We must be willing to give God control and trust His processes, and not take matters into our own hands and try to manipulate using our fallible, human reasoning.
Do we make process rules, and then if unlikely people get involved with them, we try to manipulate/play politics to orchestrate what we should trust God for?
Let Go & Let God – for, therein lies the blessing!
Let’s Pray that God ReAwakens & Reinvigorates Us To Our Calls In Christ!
God, please work in us to revitalize the vision You have for our lives! Work in us so we are not bitter when betrayed, and though discouraged from time to time by circumstances that make us feel troubled and unsettled, we ask for grace to keep our minds stayed on You, so we operate in Your peace that passes understanding, so we are able to do Your will, making the best decisions possible.