(1) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 11: 1–6  (ESV)

God Has not rejected His Hebrew People AS A Remnant REMAINS by Grace

1I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel? 3“Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.” 4But what is God’s reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” 5So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. 6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

(2) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 1: 7–10  (ESV)

Israel Was Hardened Against Gods Gospel

7What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, 8as it is written,

“God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see

and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.”

9And David says,

“Let their table become a snare and a trap,

a stumbling block and a retribution for them;

10let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see,

and bend their backs forever.”

(3) Walk Thru The Word:

Romans 11: 11–16  (ESV)

Jews Get Jealous of Gentile Salvation, But their rejection means Gentile reconciliation.

11So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous. 12Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!

13Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. 15For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? 16If the dough offered as first fruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

(4) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 11: 17–24  (ESV)

The Hebrew Root Supports the Gentile Grafted In Fruit

17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 118do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you. 19Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.” 20That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So, do not become proud, but fear. 21For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. 22Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off. 23And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. 24For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.

(5) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 11: 11: 25–xx  (ESV)

The Mystery of the Hebrew Hardening

25Lest you be wise in your own sight, I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, brothers a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written,

“The Deliverer will come from Zion,

he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”;

27“and this will be my covenant with them

when I take away their sins.”

28As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers. 20For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, 31so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy. 32For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

(6) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 11: 11: 33–36 (ESV)

God’s Wisdom & Knowledge Are Inscrutable

33Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!

34“For who has known the mind of the Lord,

or who has been his counselor?”

35“Or who has given a gift to him

that he might be repaid?”

36For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

Footnotes:

a 1 Or one of the offspring of Abraham

b 12 Greek their fullness

c 17 Greek root of richness; some manuscripts richness

d 25 Or brothers and sisters

e 31 Some manuscripts omit now 

(7) Message map Rom. 11: 1 – 36

The Book of Romans: Session 18

The Gospels Hebrew Root Supports the Gentile grafted In Fruit 

  1. Rom 11: 1–10 God Has not Rejected His Hebrew People As A Remnant Always Remains by Grace
  2. Rom 11: 11-16 Jews Get jealous of Gentile Salvation, But their rejection means the reconciliation of the world,
  3. Rom 11: 17–24 The Hebrew Root Supports the Gentile grafted In Fruit
  4. Rom 10: 25–32 The Mystery of the Hebrew Partial Hardening

(8) Overview of Romans

Romans can be thought of as 3 Divisions of Biblical Subject Matter

Column 1 is the Subject Matter of Doctrine, Dispensation and Duty

  • Rom 1-8 = DOCTRINE of Salvation by Faith
  • Rom 9-11 = DISPENSATION of Israel & It’s Future Hope But not of the Church
  • Romans 9 = God’s Past Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = The DUTY of Christians

Column 2 is the Subject Matter of Salvation, Segregation and Service

  • Rom 1-8 = Salvation by Faith Available to All
  • Rom 9-11 = Segregation of Israel (not of the Church)
  • Romans 10 = God’s Present Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = The Service of God’s Peoples

Column 3 is the Subject Matter of Salvation, Segregation and Service

  • Rom 1-8 = FAITH in God’s Provision of Christ
  • Rom 9-11 = HOPE in God’s Promises for those who Receive Christ
  • Romans 11 = God’s Future Dealings with Israel
  • Rom 12-16 = LOVE of God’s People & Church

TODAY WE ARE FOCUSED ON

The dispensation of ISRAEL (not the church) is dealt with in Rom 9-11.

  • Romans 9 = God’s Past Dealings with Israel
  • Romans 10 = God’s Present Dealings with Israel
  • Romans 11 = God’s Future Dealings with Israel 

(9) Rom 11: 1–6 God Has not rejected His Hebrew People

As A Remnant Remains by Grace

Romans 10: 1-6

1I ask, then, has God rejected (push or thrust away, repulse, reject, refuse) his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. (Meaning, Paul, as were all the original apostles were Hebrews)  

2God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew (= 1) foreknown beforehand by God, although not yet ‘made manifest’ to men; 2) of “God pre-knowing all choices – and doing so without pre-determining or requiring/controlling them”) Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel? 3“Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.” 4But what is God’s reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.”

5So too at the present time there is a remnant (remainder), chosen by grace (as a favorable gift or blessing brought to man by Jesus Christ). 6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.

Israel is the first fruits. Abe, Isaac & Jacob were Hebrews.  King David and all the men listed in Matthew’s and Luke’s genealogies are Hebrews.  all original 12 disciples of Christ are Hebrews, and writers of the Bible… Click To Tweet

(10) Rom 11: 710  (ESV) There Are Elect & Hardened

Both In Israel & Amongst The Gentiles Is

7What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect (a (divine) selection, usage: a choosing out, selecting, choice (by God) obtained it, but the rest were hardened (rendered calloused, hardened, insensible; dull, unperceptive as a rock; unresponsive (dense), completely lacking sensitivity or spiritual perception.),

Israel was hardened in the sense that Pharaoh was hardened.  God merely did not intervene 

(a. the act of picking out, choosing: Acts 9:15; specifically used of that act of God’s free will by which before the foundation of the world he decreed his blessings to certain persons; — the decree made from choice. Romans 9:11 (cf. Fritzsche at the passage, p. 298ff) by which he determined to bless certain persons through Christ, Romans 11:28, according to an election which is due to grace, or a gracious election,

(Romans 11:5; with the genitive of the person elected, 1 Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Peter 1:10.)

Even among Israel there was an elect remnant, just as there is an elect remnant among us Gentiles. 

Both the majority of Jews and Gentiles have

“God gave them a spirit of stupor, deep sleep, torpor, insensibility, stupor.  Figuratively “stupor” is the bewilderment that comes after being struck.)  The result of being struck this way is one has …

“eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.”

We must hear the Gospel to be able to see and walk by faith.  Proper hearing must precede proper seeing, because Heb 10:17 “Faith comes by hearing.”  Hearing is not merely a physical activity, because there are many ways to hear. 

Spiritually speaking, hearing is mental, intellectual and psychological understanding. 

9And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution (recompense or payback) for them; 10let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”

The word for table means one for a) food or banqueting,  or b) for money-changing or business.  “Table” here is a symbol of plenty and prosperity that becomes a snare and a trap that enslaves the heart, enticing it away from our first love of God.

“bend their backs forever” is a metaphor for laboring under the weight of their own and futile way of thinking and frustrations

The retribution (recompense or payback) that is inshore for people ensnared by the love of money, stuff and prosperity.

Even among Israel there was an elect remnant, just as there is an elect remnant among us Gentiles. 

Let’s see how the percentage of elect among the Israelites compares to the percentage of elect among the Gentiles.   

(11) Pew Research Center in 2015 noted

Christians were the largest religious group

http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/04/05/christians-remain-worlds-largest-religious-group-but-they-are-declining-in-europe/ft_17-04-05_projectionsupdate_globalpop640px/

Circle the answers that apply to complete this sentence: “As the church we should …

Religions As A Percentage of The World’s Population As of 2015 there are …

  1. 3 billion Christians who comprise 31.2% of the world’s pop. The challenge with this large number is that 1.5 billion of that number are from sects (such as 1.5 billion Catholics, an unknown number of Mormons and JW’s, who adhere to multiple.
  2. 8 billion Muslims who comprise 24.1% of the world’s pop.
  3. 2 billion unaffiliated who comprise 16% of the world’s pop.
  4. 1 billion Hindus who comprise 15.1% of the world’s population.
  5. 500 million Buddhists who comprise 6.9% of the world’s population.
  6. 400 million practice “Folk Religions” and comprise 5.7% of the world’s pop.
  7. 100 million practice “Other Religions” and comprise 0.8% of the world’s pop. 
  8. 10 million practice “Judaism” and comprise 0.01% of the world’s pop.

How many Jews are there in the United States?

Within the USA, about 4.2 million American adults, (1.8% of that pop.), identify as Jewish by religion. But if we include “Jews who claim no religion,” or identify as atheist, agnostic or “nothing in particular” the number increases to approx’ 5.3 million (2.2% of the US adult pop.), according to the 2015 Pew Research report.

A 2017 Jews for Jesus poll, published in the “Times of Israel” reported from a survey of 599 millennials born between 1984 and 1999 that 20% or 1/5 of Jewish millennials believe Christ was God.

https://www.timesofisrael.com/jews-for-jesus-poll-15-of-jewish-millennials-believe-christ-was-god/ 

The survey also showed more identify as religious but unaffiliated; 42% of respondents say they celebrate Christmas.

The survey’s portrait of Jewish millennial’s shows these young adults describe themselves as religious, and practice Jewish ritual, but are unaffiliated. They value tradition and family, but don’t plan on marrying only Jews. They are proud to be Jewish, but don’t feel that contradicts with practicing other religions.  

The survey found that 21 percent of Jewish millennials believe Jesus was “God in human form who lived among people in the 1st century.” And 28 percent “see him as a rabbi or spiritual leader, but not God.”

But Pew actually backs up some of the statistics on Christianity. It found that a third of all respondents had a Christmas tree at home, and 34 percent said belief in Jesus as the Messiah was compatible with being Jewish. (“This does not mean that most Jews think those things are good,” Alan Cooperman, deputy director of Pew Research Center’s Religion and Public Life Project, said at the time. “They are saying that those things do not disqualify a person from being Jewish. [But] most Jews think that belief in Jesus is disqualifying by roughly a 2-to-1 margin.”)

70 percent are committed to raising their children as Jewish. These statistics may be alarming to a Jewish establishment that has worried for decades about rising intermarriage rates. But for Jews for Jesus, which promotes its own brand of interreligious mixing, this is not a problem.

According to the Jews for Jesus website, 30,000 to 125,000 Jews worldwide believe in Jesus. There are roughly 5 million to 6 million US Jews. Some 58 percent of respondents in the Jews for Jesus study are children of interfaith marriages, about 10 points more than in the Pew study, which generally used a slightly narrower definition of “Jewish.”

What Makes Someone A Jew

The Hebrew Scriptures and Jewish Identity

Genesis 12:1-3 narrates the birth of the Jewish people:

The LORD had said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you. “I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.”

God’s promise to Abraham is described further in Genesis 13:15-16 and Genesis 15:4-5. The Lord reiterates that promise through Isaac (Genesis 26:2-5, 24) and again through Jacob (Genesis 28:13-15).

Biblically, a Jew is a Jew because of God’s promise. The promise concerns the descendants of those to whom it was made. That means the promise of God to the Jewish people belongs to descendants of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Leah and Rachel. No human being can revoke God’s promise. But though that is how one becomes a Jew, being Jewish should be more than race, religion or nationhood. We were meant not only to be a people of promise but also a people of purpose.

That purpose was first outlined in Exodus 19:5-6: 

“Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession [segullah]. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests [mamlekhet kohanim] and a holy nation [goy kadosh].”1

God describes what will be, but allows people to decide if they want to participate in the purpose. A Jew is part of the people of Israel in any case, but some do not know or care what it means. Nevertheless, neither apathy nor even apostasy makes one cease to be a Jew. The Jewish Bible cites case after case of both. God dealt with his people but never withdrew the promise or the peoplehood from the descendants of Jacob.

(12) Circle the letter of the best answer:

The Bible Says

Christians area) those who first are Jews; b) those who are Gentiles, c) those who convert to Christ

Jewish Converts area) those who renounce Jewish heritage, b) those who turn from Old Testament law; c) those who repent and trust Christ for the remission of sin.

Gentile Converts area) those who are not Jews;  b) those who turn from Old Testament law; c) those who convert to Christ

Converts to Christianity area) Jews who become Gentile (no because Italians and Irish and blacks maintain ethnic identity after conversion; b) Gentiles who become/replace Jews              c) Jew or Gentile — Rom 10:10 Whoever Believes & Confesses

Rom 10: 13 All Who Call Are Saved

Everyone who chooses Jesus is a convert, whether gentile or Jew. To convert means to turn, not from being a Jew or gentile, not from history or heritage, but from sin. Gentile converts of the first century didn’t become Jews, even though the majority of believers in Jesus then were Jewish. Jewish converts today don’t become gentiles, even though the majority of believers now are gentiles.

At the point of turning to God, or conversion, everyone must experience the same thing according to Jesus:

Jesus declared, “I tell you the truth, no one can see the kingdom of God unless he is born again. ”How can a man be born when he is old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely he cannot enter a second time into his mother’s womb to be born!”

Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.” (John 3:3-6)

The reconciliation with God that Jesus offered cannot be conferred by birth, but only by rebirth. Therefore, being born Jewish or gentile has no bearing on whether one is a Christian.

(13) Rom 11: 11–16 Jews Get Jealous of Gentile Salvation,

But their Rejection means Gentile Reconciliation & Grafting in

11So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? (to be cast down from a state of prosperity from Christian knowledge and attainment) By no means! [Israel only stumbled and got tripped up.  It has not permanently and irrevocably fallen from God’s grace!  It has not been and never will be permanently hardened and rejected by God!]

Rather, through their trespass (side-slip, error, transgression) salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous (pressure to provoke change through rivalry. NW 1828 says, (side-slip, error, transgression).

12Now if their trespass means riches (valuable bestowment, wealth, abundance, materially or spiritually.) for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion (being supplied to fulness)) mean!

13Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. 15For if their rejection (to throw away from oneself, cast off, repudiate) means the reconciliation (restoration to favor) of the world, what will their ACCEPTANCE (receiving and accepting themselves into the kingdom of God) mean but life from the dead? 16If the dough offered as first fruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Israel is the first fruits. Abe, Isaac & Jacob were Hebrews.  King David and all the men listed in Matthew’s and Luke’s genealogies are Hebrews.  all original 12 disciples of Christ are Hebrews, and writers of the Bible are Hebrews, except perhaps for Dr. Luke, who probably was a Roman or Greek Gentile, and probably was a Roman citizen, who had status to write to Theophilus to whom he address both the Gospel of Luke and Acts.

(14) Rom 11: 17–21 The Hebrew Root Supports the Gentile Grafted In Fruit

17But if some of the branches (descendants) were broken off, and you, although a wild (uncultivated) olive shoot (In Jeremiah 11:16 God refers to Israel as a tender olive shoot, so the Gentiles who are imputed righteousness  would also be so regarded), were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, 18do not be arrogant (boast, over-exalt oneself thing at the expense of another which results in wrong conclusions) toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who  support (derive your position from) the root, but the root that supports (is the source of your position)you. 19Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted (insert by making a puncture to graft a living shoot into another living plant. All six references in Gom 11:17-24 refer to being inserted by God combining His two redeemed ethnic groups (OT, NT believers) into one people.) in.”

 20That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand (established) fast through faith. So, do not become proud, (self-elevating /exalting) but fear (show reverence for what God has done) 21For if God did not spare (abstain from judging) the natural (original) branches, neither will he spare you.

(15) Rom 11: 17–2 God’s Multi-Faceted Wisdom (Eph 3:10)

22Note then the kindness (goodness, uprightness, kindness, gentleness) and the severity (abruptness — like the drop off a cliff, harshness, severity, rigor) of God: severity toward those who have fallen (come under condemnation), but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off. 23And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power (strong, mighty, preeminent ability) to graft them in again. 24For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature ((the designed underlying constitution or make-up of )), into a cultivated olive tree (a healthy, properly cultivated olive tree” which is what Israeli OT believers were), how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.

(16) Rom 11: 25–32 The Mystery of the Dispensational Hebrew Partial Hardening & Salvation

25Lest you be wise in Your own sight, (fallen and poor “personal perspective regulating outward behavior,”) I do not want you to be unaware of this mystery, (the counsels of God, once hidden but now revealed in the Gospel of Christ), brothers: a partial (portional) hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written,

The Deliverer will come from Zion, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob”; 27“and this will be my covenant (a will, testament; a set-agreement having complete terms determined by the initiating party, which also are fully affirmed by the one entering the agreement. But in Gen 15: 12 Abe falls Asleep, as God is performing the ceremony of promise in vss 17-18, and passes the smoking pot between the halved animals) with them when I take away their sins.”

28As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.

29For the gifts and the calling of God are Irrevocable. (not to be repented of, about which no change of mind can take place. Num 23:19, 1Sam 15:29).

30For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, 31so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now receive mercy. 32For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

33Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!

34“For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?”

35“Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?”

36For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

(17) Let’s Pray that God ReAwakens, ReInvigorates & ReEstablishes Us in Our Calls In Christ!

 Let’s Pray in awe of

33 the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!  

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