(1) Walk Thru The Word: Ephesians 1: 1-5 (ESV)

1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and are faithful in Christ Jesus:

2Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, 6to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.

(2) Message map Ephesians 1: 1 – 6

Ephesians lesson #1

We are predestined to be adopted for the praise of his glory

  • 4 Letters Left Rome for Ephesus, Philipi & Colosse and Philemon (The Prison Epistles of AD 62)
  1. Ephesians Shows us how to balance doctrine & duty
  • Eph 1: 1-2 — Paul is an apostle of Christ by the Gracious will of God
  • Eph 1: 3-4 — In Christ We Have Every Spiritual Blessing to be Blameless
  • Eph 1: 5-6 As Saints We are predestined to be adopted to provide & produce praise of his glorious grace
  • Eph 1:1 Faithfulness is A Calling & A Choice that brings glory to god

(3) Background: 4 Letters were written in rome in 62 ADS

In the year A.D. 62, four men were dispatched by Paul from Rome with letters for the churches in the province of Asia, designated as Asia Minor in those days, but which today is known as Turkey. 

These four letters are called the “prison Epistles of Paul,” since he wrote them while imprisoned in Rome, awaiting a hearing before Caesar Nero to whom Paul, as a Roman citizen, had appealed his case.

An Epistle is a book of the New Testament in the form of a letter from an Apostle. 

(1) Epaphroditus from Philippi (Philippians 4:18) had the Epistle to the Philippians.

(2) Tychicus from Ephesus (Ephesians 6:21) had the Epistle to the Ephesians.

(3) Epaphras from Colosse (Colossians 4:12) had the Epistle to the Colossians.

(4) Onesimus (Philemon’s slave) from Colosse (Philemon 10) had the Epistle to Philemon.

EPHESIANS presents “the invisible, universal church as His Body of which Christ is the head! (Ephesians 1:22, 23).

COLOSSIANS presents Christ who is “the head of the church, His body” (Colossians 1:18). The emphasis is upon Christ rather than on the church.

PHILIPPIANS presents Christian living, with Christ as the dynamic: “I can do all things through Christ, who strengthens me” (Philippians 4:13).

PHILEMON presents Christian living in action in a pagan society. “If thou count me, therefore, a partner, receive him as myself. If he hath wronged thee, or oweth thee anything, put that on mine account” (Philemon 17, 18). If we want to see the Gospel work, we must apply the Bible to every aspect of life.

In EPHESIANS, Christ is exalted above all things, God having “put all things under his feet” (Ephesians 1:22). Christ is the center of the universe around which the church orbits.

In COLOSSIANS, Christ is the fullness of God (pleroma). He is the orbit of the universe of Christian living around which we all must revolve (Colossians 2:9, 10).

In PHILIPPIANS, Christ is the center of the universe; around which all Christian living must orbit. We are the vessels that are to be emptied for His filling (Philippians 2:5-8).

In PHILEMON, Christ is both the center and circumference: “Hearing of thy love and faith, which thou hast toward the Lord Jesus, and toward all saints” (Philemon 5).

These epistles present a composite picture of Christ, the church, the Christian, and their interrelationship and functioning. 

(4) Eph 1: 1-6 Paul’s Wrote 4 Letters while Imprisoned In Rome in AD 62

See colored Map of all journey’s, including Paul’s Prisoner Passage Marked In Green

Note that Colosse, which is not shown on this map, is in the vicinity of Laodicea.  Philemon also was from Colosse, so two of the letters were designated to that community. 

Paul’s missionary ministry in Ephesus is recorded in Acts 18: 24–28, chapter 19 and 20:16-38.

(5) Rom 15: 17-19 Paul’s Missionary Journeys

See colored Map of all journey’s, including Paul’s Prisoner Passage Marked In Green

This map has Colosse on it.

(6) EPHESIANS OUTLINE

Ephesians Shows us how to balance doctrine & duty  

Ephesians chapters 1-3 provide Doctrinal, positional Truth, meaning “what is our new standing in salvation. (Eph 1: 20 Christ is raised and seated at God’s right hand)

  1. a) Saints are 4choseN (divinely selected for salvation) in him before the foundation (conception) of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him.
  • 1: 4 Saints are blessed to be blameless because we are imputed (counted as having, credited with) Christ’s righteousness. (Rom 4: 22-25)
  • Rom 4: 22-25 22That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.” 23But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, 24but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, 25who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.
  1. b) Saints are raised us up and seated us in the heavens with Christ (Eph 2:6 & Col 3:1)
  2. c) Ephesians calls us to enter into possessing the inheritance of God’s promises, like Israel was given the promised land, but had to “press in” to obtain it. (Phil. 3:14)
  • Philippians 3:14 I press towards the mark for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.

(7) EPHESIANS OUTLINE

Ephesians Shows us how to balance doctrine & duty

Ephesians chapters 4—6 details our Discipleship Duties to include …

  1. a) How we should relate to our Heavenly Position
  2. b) How we should carry out the responsibilities God gives us. Responsibilities are those activities for which we are accountable or answerable to God, as disciples to whom He has entrusted with an office.

Ephesians shows that balance between duty and doctrine. We inherit benefits and blessings and then invest them within the plan of God, an in obedience to God.   

  • By faith we inherit the benefits God’s delivers. As an inheritor, we obtain by descent or by succession from one who has gone before us. And we now perform, function or operate as the representative of the one who bequeathed the benefits to us.
  • To receive by nature from a progenitor. The son inherits the virtues of his father; the daughter inherits the temper of her mother, and children often inherit the constitutional infirmities of their parents. As Christians we have passed down to us through the Holy Spirit, the character traits of Christ.
  • As inheritors, we are to possess; to enjoy; to take as a possession, by gift or divine appropriation everlasting life and the promises of God.
  • That thou mayest live and inherit the land which Jehovah thy God giveth thee. Deuteronomy 16:20.
  • The meek shall inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5.
  • By faith we walk out the good works to invest what God prepares (Ephesians 2:10 — For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.)

Ephesians chapters 1-3 provide Doctrinal, positional Truth, meaning “what is our new standing in salvation. (Eph 1: 20 Christ is raised and seated at God’s right hand) Click To Tweet

(8) Eph 1: 1 — Paul is an apostle of Christ by the will of God 

1Paul is an apostle of Christ by the preferred will of God.  God’s “preferred-will,” is His “best-offer” to people, which we can accept or reject! 

An apostle is a “messenger, envoy, delegate, one commissioned by another to represent him in some way, especially a man sent out by Jesus Christ Himself to preach the Gospel; an apostle.”

The Apostles were those who were…

  • was called personally by Jesus to help start Christianity by spreading the gospel
  • commissioned by Christ at the commencement of His earthly ministry, per Matthew 10:1-3
  • Matt 10: 1-4 1And he called to him his twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every disease and every affliction. 2The names of the twelve apostles are: Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, & Thaddaeus 4Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
  • Matthias was called first by the voice of the general body of the brethren and thereafter by decision of the lot, accepted as Providence, (Acts 1:15, 23, 26).
  • Paul’s call came to him in a heavenly intervention. (In Acts 26:12-23, Paul tells King Agrippa and Bernice and Festus and others of his conversion from Acts 9).
  • Paul’s call subsequently was ratified by the church at Antioch, which sent him forth at the bidding of the Holy Ghost (Acts 13:1), he firmly maintained that he was an apostle not from men neither through man, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead (Galatians 1:1).
  • Barnabas was sent forth “exapostello” by the church at Jerusalem in Acts 11:22 and later, along with Paul, by the church at Antioch in Acts 13:1. Soon after this we find the two men described as apostles in Acts 14:4. It was the mission on which they were sent that explains the title. And when this particular mission was completed and they returned to Antioch to rehearse before the assembled church “all things that God had done with them, and that he had opened a door of faith unto the Gentiles” (Acts 14:27), they thereby justified their claim to be the apostles not only of the church, but of the Holy Spirit.

Can we say, “I am a disciple of Christ by the will of God?”

Do we know we are in God’s will?

Is what we call our “Christian service” done in God’s will, or is it something we are doing in the name of God?

Is what we are doing, “God’s Will” or is it “My will for God?”

It is marvelous to be certain that we are In God’s will, like Paul was.

It is marvelous to know our lives are being lived out in God’s will.

The first step is to offer ourselves to God, and say, “Lord, here am I, and I give you permission to work in my life, to conform me to Your will. 

(9) Eph 1: 1b—3 Two type of people saints & aint’s”  

1Paul To the saints (those set apart by or for God, for His purposes) who are in Ephesus, and are faithful in Christ Jesus.

J Vernon McGee says there are two types of people: a) Saints and b) Aint’s.

Saints are saints by the …

  • 2Grace (the gift brought to man by Jesus Christ, Who leans toward us, disposed to bless) to you and peace (tranquility, harmony, concord) from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
  • Saints are 3blessed (conferred with what is beneficial) by God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to be in Christ (“to be admitted to operate in the realm/sphere of Christ) Who operates from the within) with every spiritual (1— the invisible sphere in which the Holy Spirit imparts faith, reveals Christ, etc; 2 — the acts of a life dedicated to God and approved by him, due to the influence of the Holy Spirit; 3– thoughts, opinions, precepts, maxims, ascribable to the Holy Spirit working in the soul) blessing in the heavenly places, (the sphere of heaven’s impact and influence on the particular situation or person)
  • 3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (3Blessed = as entitled to receive blessing from man; worthy of praise)
  • , who has blessed (confers benefit;) us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, 6to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. 7In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, 8which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight 9making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ 10as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.

(10) Eph 1: 4 Saints are blessed to be blameless 

Saints are saints by the …

  • Saints are 4choseN (divinely selected for salvation) in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,

We are blameless because of Christ’s imputed righteousness.

  • Rom 4: 22-25 22That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness.” 23But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, 24but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, 25who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.

(11) Eph 1: 4 Saints are predestined to be adopted to give/Generate praise

5predestined (foreordain, predetermine, mark out beforehand) by God for adoption (1— legally made a son; 2– the nature and condition of the true disciples of Christ, who by receiving the Spirit of God into their souls become the sons of God; 3– it also includes the blessed state looked for in the future life after the visible return of Christ from heaven;) to himself as sons through Jesus Christ,

5…according to the purpose of his will …

6to the praise (appropriate commendation and recognition by us and others who enthusiastically acknowledge what God has done!) of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved. (the integrity of relationship the trinity enjoys, which is extended to us by Christ living His life through us who believe; 2— the love of Christians toward one another, as a result of the agape benevolence in which God provides salvation for men by sending his Son and giving him up to death for us).  

The Story of Jephthah Is A picture of Christ & our adoption

It is a picture of Christ because Jephthah is treated as an illegitimate son and is rejected, much like Christ is rejected in John 8: 40-42, by community leaders who disdain Him, thinking Christ’s virgin birth was an act of “fornication.”  

  • John 8: 39-42 39They answered him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would be doing the works Abraham did, 40But now you are trying to kill Me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham never did such a thing. 41You are doing the works of your father.” “We are not illegitimate children,” they declared. “Our only Father is God Himself.” 42Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on My own, but He sent Me.…
  • Satan wants to treat us, and wants us to treat each other, like Jephthah’s brother treated him in Judges 11:1-3 1Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty warrior; he was the son of a prostitute, and Gilead was his father. 2And Gilead’s wife bore him sons, who grew up, drove Jephthah out, and said to him, “You shall have no inheritance in our father’s house, because you are the son of another woman.” 3So Jephthah fled from his brothers and settled in the land of Tob, where a group of rebels joined him and traveled with him.…
  • Israel soon will need, Jephthah, however, to lead them against the attacking Ammonites.
  • Judges 11:4 -1 4After a time the Ammonites made war against Israel. 5And when the Ammonites made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to bring Jephthah from the land of Tob. 6And they said to Jephthah, “Come and be our leader, that we may fight against the Ammonites.” 7But Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “Did you not hate me and drive me out of my father’s house? Why have you come to me now when you are in distress?” 8And the elders of

Gilead said to Jephthah, “That is why we have turned to you now, that you may go with us and fight against the Ammonites and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.” 9Jephthah said to the elders of Gilead, “If you bring me home again to fight against the Ammonites, and the Lord gives them over to me, I will be your head.” 10And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, “The LORD will be witness between us, if we do not do as you say.” 11So Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and leader over them. And Jephthah spoke all his words before the LORD at Mizpah.

  • Jephthah is in the Hebrews 11 “Hall of The Faithful” (Heb. 11:32).

Here’s how the integrity of the Trinity works for us: 1 Corinthians 12 4Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; 6and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone.

  • Matthew 3:17— And a voice from heaven said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased!”
  • Eph 1:14 — who is the pledge of our inheritance until the redemption of those who are God’s possession, to the praise of His glory.
  • Colossians 1:13 — He has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of His beloved Son,

Praise = NW 1828 1— Commendation bestowed on a person for his personal virtues or worthy actions, on meritorious actions themselves, or on anything valuable; approbation expressed in words or song; 2— To commend; to applaud; to express approbation of personal worth or actions. 3— To extol in words or song; to magnify; to glorify on account of perfections or excellent works.

Predestined to be Adopted

Luke 12:32 Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father is pleased to give you the kingdom.

Acts 13:48 When the Gentiles heard this, they rejoiced and glorified the word of the Lord, and all who were appointed for eternal life believed.

Romans 8:14 For all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God.

Romans 8:29 For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers.

Romans 8:30 And those He predestined, He also called; those He called, He also justified; those He justified, He also glorified.

Ephesians 1:11 In Him we were also chosen as God’s own, having been predestined according to the plan of Him who works out everything by the counsel of His will,

Philippians 2:13 For it is God who works in you to will and to act on behalf of His good pleasure.

Colossians 1:19 For God was pleased to have all His fullness dwell in Him,

Hebrews 2:4 and was affirmed by God through signs, wonders, various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to His will.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, predestinated.

Ephesians 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

Romans 8:29,30 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren…

Jeremiah 3:4,19 Wilt thou not from this time cry unto me, My father, thou art the guide of my youth? …

Hosea 1:10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave the power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:

John 20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.

Galatians 3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 2:10-15 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings…

Ephesians 1:9,11 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself: …

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?

Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS  

(12) Eph 1:1 Faithfulness is A Calling & A Choice & brings glory to god!

1Saints should be faithful (trustworthy, believing and loyal to the faith God imparts)

In Faithfulness we bring glory to God by …  

  1. Working out my will in God’s name
  2. Choosing God’s choices for our lives
  3. Placing ourselves under the subjection of God’s control
  4. Submitting in obedience to God;
  5. Yielding to God’s admonition or advice:

Thus, was the Faithfulness of the Hebrews Hall of Faith Mothers:

Sarah Heb 11: 11-12, Rehab Heb 11: 31 Moses’ Mom (Jochebed.) Heb 11: 23, (Ex. 6:20 & Num 26:59) 

Since this Is Mother’s Day, let’s close with the faithfulness of some of the other Mothers in The Hebrews Hall of Faith!

Heb 11: 11-12 11By faith Sarah herself received power to conceive, even when she was past the age, since she considered him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born descendants as many as the stars of heaven and as many as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore.

Heb. 11: 23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw that the child was beautiful, and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.

Heb. 11: 31 By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she had given a friendly welcome to the spies.

(13) Let’s Pray that God ReAwakens, ReInvigorates & ReEstablish Us in Our Calls In Christ!

Let’s Pray:

God grant us the grace to be Faithful to walk in the faith You stir up within. 

Give us patience to believe You for the salvation and discipleship growth of every child represented by a parent here, especially Mothers. 

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